Forest operations are recognized as sources of soil disturbance and erosion and have been the subject of much research since the 1950s. In particular, machine trafficking causes soil compaction and rutting, and is one of the major sources of human-induced forest soil degradation.
Recently, the field methods used for the analysis of geomorphological processes and quantification of soil impacts have changed, passing from traditional methods to the use of remote sensing and proximal sensing techniques in order to analyse the spatial distribution of soil disturbances.
The objective of this two new papers is to investigate the usefulness of SfM photogrammetry  in association with traditional methods for assessing soil disturbance in forest operations.

To cite this article and read the articles:

  • Elena Marra, Martina Cambi, Raul Fernandez-Lacruz, Francesca Giannetti, Enrico Marchi, Thomas Nordfjell (2018). Photogrammetric Estimation of Whell Rut Dimensions and Soil Compation After Increasing number of Forwarder Passes. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. DOI:
  • Cambi M, Giannetti F, Bottalico F, Travaglini D, Nordfjell T, Chirici G, Marchi E (2018). Estimating machine impact on strip roads via close-range photogrammetry and soil parameters: a case study in central Italy. Vol. 11, pp. 148-154. doi:  10.3832/ifor2590-010